Even with its athletic and competitive development, cheerleading at the school level has retained its ties to its spirit leading traditions.Cheerleaders are quite often seen as ambassadors for their schools, and leaders among the student body.Cheerleading is an activity wherein the participants (referred to as "cheerleaders") cheer for their team as a form of encouragement.It can range from chanting slogans to intense physical activity.Due in part to this recent exposure, there are now an estimated 100,000 participants scattered around the globe in Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, After the American Revolutionary War, students experienced harsh treatment from teachers. " remains in use with slight modifications today, where it is now referred to as the "Locomotive". Women cheerleaders were overlooked until the 1940s.In response to faculty's abuse, college students violently acted out. The term "Cheer Leader" had been used as early as 1897, with Princeton's football officials having named three students as Cheer Leaders: Thomas, Easton, and Guerin from Princeton's classes of 1897, 1898, and 1899, respectively, on October 26, 1897. In the 1940s, collegiate men were drafted for World War II, creating the opportunity for more women to make their way onto sporting event sidelines.It took place between Princeton and Rutgers University, and marked the day the original "Sis Boom Rah! This cheer was yelled from the stands by students attending games, as well as by the athletes themselves. In 1948, Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer, of Dallas, Texas, a former cheerleader at Southern Methodist University, formed the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) in order to hold clinics for cheerleading.
The only teams without NFL cheerleaders at this time were New Orleans, New York, Detroit, Cleveland, Denver, Minnesota, Pittsburg, San Francisco, and San Diego.The undergraduates began to riot, burn down buildings located on their college campuses, and assault faculty members. These students would cheer for the team also at football practices, and special cheering sections were designated in the stands for the games themselves for both the home and visiting teams. An overview written on behalf of cheerleading in 1955 explained that in larger schools, "occasionally boys as well as girls are included,", and in smaller schools, "boys can usually find their place in the athletic program, and cheerleading is likely to remain solely a feminine occupation." During the 1950s, cheerleading in America also increased in popularity.As a more subtle way to gain independence, however, students invented and organized their own extracurricular activities outside their professors' control. It was not until 1898 that University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed a crowd in cheering "Rah, Rah, Rah! By the 1960s, some began to consider cheerleading a feminine extracurricular for boys, and by the 1970s, girls primarily cheered at public school games.Professional cheerleaders put a new perspective on American cheerleading.Women were selected for two reasons: visual sex appeal, and the ability to dance.Cheerleading organizations such as the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors (AACCA), founded in 1987, started applying universal safety standards to decrease the number of injuries and prevent dangerous stunts, pyramids, and tumbling passes from being included in the cheerleading routines.In 2003, the National Council for Spirit Safety and Education (NCSSE) was formed to offer safety training for youth, school, all-star, and college coaches.It can be performed to motivate sports teams, entertain the audience, or for competition.Competitive routines typically range anywhere from one to three minutes, and contain components of tumbling, dance, jumps, cheers, and stunting.Organized cheerleading competitions began to pop up with the first ranking of the "Top Ten College Cheerleading Squads" and "Cheerleader All America" awards given out by the ICF in 1967.In 1978, America was introduced to competitive cheerleading by the first broadcast of Collegiate Cheerleading Championships on CBS.